", Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. . And Iris, by Hera's command, put the winged shoe on her feet, and holding a rod like Hermes the messenger of Zeus, flew up to warn of what was coming. Iris : By which gate? . Still resentful of your divine birth, she sent her messenger Iris on an evil errand, mingling treacherous persuasion with craft, to bewitch you and deceive your mind; and she gave her an impious poleaxe, that she might hand it to the king of Arabia, Lykourgos (Lycurgus), Dryas' son. So she spake and seated her beside the golden throne, even as a hunting hound of Artemis, which, when it hath ceased from the swift chase, sitteth by her feet, and its ears are erect, ever ready to receive the call of the goddess. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : . Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : So she said; then soaring to heaven on balanced wings, blazed a rainbow trail beneath the clouds as she flew. Apollon mastered Delphyne [Python], and then he came to live in the sky. "He [the River Hydaspes] had the genuine Titan blood; for from the bed of primeval Thaumas his rosyarm consort Elektra (Electra) brought forth two children--from that bed came a River and a messenger of the heavenly ones, Iris quick as the wind and swiftly flowing Hydaspes, Iris travelling on foot and Hydaspes by water. . : So Iris the swift-footed spoke and went away from him. All about Iris the Greek Goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the Gods. A goddess named “Iris” personified the rainbow in the mythology of ancient Greece. v. 610) Iris appears as a virgin goddess; but according to later writers, she was married to Zephyrus, and became by him the mother of Eros. Most works of art depict her either in the form of a beautiful rainbow, or as a lovely maiden. : Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 62 & 153 ff (trans. Laodike (Laodice) . The Harpyai and Iris went their different ways . Although she was a sister of the winged monsters, the Harpies, Iris was represented as a beautiful maiden, with wings and robes of bright colors and a halo of light on her head, trailing across the sky with the rainbow she traveled on in her wake. Iris' mother was Electra, an Oceanid. 77 ff (trans. 1 ff (trans. She was the messenger of the gods, and would ride on the rainbow to and from Earth in her beautiful, multicolored robes. ", Statius, Thebaid 12. . 5) and Electra, and sister of the Harpies. So she cajoled him, and the shoes carried her high into the air.". Iris is depicted in ancient Greek vase painting as a beautiful young woman with golden wings, a herald's rod (kerykeion), and sometimes a water-pitcher (oinochoe) in her hand. xv. Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. You don't answer. ii. Theog. (Il. . Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) Greek Lyric I) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) She paddled her way with windswift beat of wings, and entered the echoing den of stabled lions. . She is part of the Spiral Dance Collection which portrays the goddesses as a mix of human features and expressions of energy, which flow out from their hands and feet as spirals. . . Just you listen and keep quiet! Iris was the daughter of Thaumas, a son of Pontos (the Sea), and Elektra, a daughter of Okeanos (Ocean). Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : . Iris was often described acting as an intermediary between Hera queen of the gods and Hypnos the god of sleep. ", Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 62 & 153 ff (trans. Iris is the Ancient Greek Goddess of rainbows, also associated with the sea, the sky, colours, oaths and heraldry, she is a messenger to the Gods, later joined in this position by Hermes, more specifically, Iris is the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. Rhod. So communication between heaven and earth, goddess of … IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. Then in turn swift wind-footed Iris spoke to him : ‘Hera sent me, the honoured wife of Zeus, but the son of Kronos, who sits on high, does not know this, nor any other immortal, of all those who dwell by the snows of Olympos.’", Homer, Iliad 23. . 829 (trans. He spoke, and storm-footed Iris swept away with the message and came to the house of Priamos . ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. 10 (trans. Faliscan Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. Hermeias (Hermes) hardly could win his way to heaven, and only when he had killed with his rod Argos the cowherd, sparkling with eyes from his feet to the hair of his head, and when he had set Ares free from prison [captured in a jar by the Aloidai (Aloadae)]. Eleusis, and there finding dark-cloaked Demeter in her temple spake to her and uttered winged words : ‘Demeter, father Zeus, whose wisdom is everlasting, calls you to come join the tribes of the eternal gods: come therefore, and let not the message I bring from Zeus pass unobeyed.’ Thus said Iris imploring her. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) Then in turn swift wind-footed Iris answered him : ‘Am I them to carry, o dark-haired earth encircler, this word, which is strong and steep, back to Zeus from you? . In legends, she carries symbolic associations with messages and communication. Iris : Are there others then? .’ I did some reading up and feel like I'd like to make a connection with her. Iris of the swift feet stood beside her and spoke to her : ‘Come with me, dear girl, to behold the marvellous things done by Trojans, breaker of horses, and bronze-armoured Akhaians (Achaeans), who just now carried sorrowful war against each other, in the plain, and all their desire was for deadly fighting; now they are all seated in silence, the fighting has ended; they lean on their shields, the tall spears stuck in the ground beside them. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. The iris is represented in Greek mythology. . It is because Hermes (Mercury) is called the messenger god. ", Homer, Iliad 8. The son of Kronos (Cronus) will not let you stand by the Argives. Now the winds assembled within the house of storm-blowing Zephyros (the West Wind) were taking part in a feast, and Iris paused in her running and stood on the stone doorsill; but they, when their eyes saw her, sprang to their feet, and each one asked her to sit beside them. If she was the goddess of the rainbow and also of communication between heaven and earth, she would be very similar to the male god Hermes who is the god of communication. Her name combined the Greek words for “messenger” and “the rainbow” to signify her dual role. . She is called 'The Rainbow, Iris' thus implying that her presence is a sign of hope or perhaps symbolizing a bridge between heaven and earth. . ", Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (from Proclus, Chrestomanthia) (trans. He sent on her way Iris of the golden wings with a message. In charge of: Communication Area of expertise: Communication. "[Zeus addresses Hera on Mt Ida when he spies Poseidon on the battlefield of Troy in defiance of his edicts :] ‘Go now among the generation of gods, and summon Iris to come here to me . Rose-lipped Iris, daughter of Thaumas, thus addressed him : ‘[Delivering a message from Hera, inciting him against Aeneas] . Iris would frequently use her pitcher to serve nectar to the gods and goddesses on Mount Olympus. 189 ff (trans. Then deeply vexed the famed shaker of the earth spoke to her . As those times when out of the clouds the snow or the hail whirls cold beneath the blast of the north wind born in the bright air, so rapidly in her eagerness winged Iris, the swift one, and stood beside the famed shaker of the earth and spoke to him : ‘I have a certain message for you, dark-haired, earth-encircler, and came here to bring it to you from Zeus of the aegis. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. 585 ff : But now, spreading her wings, the goddess took off from earth, describing a rainbow arc under the clouds as she flew. 479 ff : . 122, xv. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : . She found Thetis inside the hollow of her cave . . There is often much art, such as vases and murals, shown of her because she is worshiped and very beautiful. For I will say this straight out, and it will be a thing accomplished: [He gives her his message. 266, 780; Apollod. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : As cup-bearer of the gods Iris is often indistinguishable from Hebe in art. ], Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) . Now as they came to sheer Olympos, the place of the immortals, there swift Iris the wind-footed reined in her horses and slipped them from the yoke and threw fodder immortal before them. "He [Jupiter-Zeus] moved by the goddesses' [Diana-Artemis and Latona-Leto's] tears and Phoebus' [Apollon's] high renown sends down swift Iris on her rosy cloud [to give Herakles permission to release Prometheus from his bonds]. Sokrates (Socrates) : Let us inquire what thought men had in giving them [the gods] their names . . 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