", Kobe Gets On Its Feet After the Earthquake, A week after the earthquake most people were back at work. ", Japanese TV shot The Japanese and Western coverage of the earthquake was quite different. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Even at lower magnitudes, they can be very destructive because they often occur near populated areas and because their hypocenters are located less than 20 km below the surface. [18], The earthquake proved to be a major wake-up call for Japanese disaster prevention authorities. Although the This triple junction is a junction of three compressive subduction zones. The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. Merchants who lost their stores, set up stalls outside their ruined shops. One woman who stood by a neighbors house' while it was engulfed by flames told the New York Times, "We could here him call out. Food was scarce for the first two days, when some Kobe residents fought over packets of noodles. To help speed the recovery effort, the government closed most of the Hanshin Expressway network to private vehicles from 6:00 am to 8:00 pm daily and limited traffic to buses, taxis and other designated vehicles. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It was thus named The Great Hanshin Earthquake.It later earned the name as the Kobe Earthquake due to the amount of damage that Kobe, Japan suffered.Its focus was only 16 km below ground. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Good Websites and Sources: Kobe Earthquake Digital Material Collection lib.kobe-u.ac.jp ; Kobe Earthquake Site seismo.unr.edu ; Wikipedia Wikipedia ; Earthquake Image Archive geot.civil.metro-u.ac.jp ; Medical and Public Health Response to the Kobe Earthquake pdf file ippnw.org/MGS ; Insurance and the Kobe Earthquake pdf file u-tokyo.ac.jp/cemano/research ; Kobe Earthquake Restoration kkr.mlit.go.jp ; Book: After the Quake (Knopf, 2002) by Haruki Murakami is a collection of stories related to survivors of the Kobe earthquake in 1995. People were forced to wait in corridors due to the overcrowding and lack of space. About 22% of the offices in Kobe's central business district were rendered unusable, and over half of the houses in that area were deemed unfit for occupancy. It wasn't until July 29 that all four lanes were opened to traffic along one section. Control over fire response was likewise handed over from local fire departments to a central command base in Tokyo and Kyoto. See more ideas about Earthquake, Kobe, Earthquake damage. In the 1995 Kobe Earthquake, the subsequent deaths of about 920 people days and weeks after the disaster, or about 14 percent of all victims, were recognized as being caused by the earthquake. 25:07. "Her hand was warm, but she couldn't speak. Underground pipes were so badly damaged that thousands of people were still without gas, three months after the disaster. The Mj 7.3 earthquake struck at 05:46 JST on the morning of January 17, 1995. The fact that volunteers from all over Japan converged on Kobe to help victims of the quake was an important event in the history of volunteerism in Japan. Damage in nearby Osaka and Kyoto was relatively minor. Liquefaction & Ports: Kobe Port and waterfront facilities in Kobe, Japan, suffered extensive damage due to liquefaction during the 1995 Kobe earthquake. [12], Tremors were valued at seismic intensity of Levels 4 to 6 at observation points in Kansai, Chūgoku, Shikoku and Chūbu regions:[12]. [17] Less than 15 months after the earthquake, in March 1996, manufacturing activity in greater Kobe was at 98% of its projected pre-quake level.[17]. One refugee told a Japanese newspaper, "The authorities haven't done anything. Prime Minister Tambac Murakami did not know about the earthquake until he watched the morning news on television. Earthquakes are very common here and happen because of the friction resulting from the two plates colliding along this destructive margin. Daikai Station on the Kobe Rapid Railway line collapsed, bringing down part of National Route 28 above it. The Kobe 1995 Earthquake facts show: There were 300,000 survivors who had to be rehoused temporarily thanks to all the Kobe Earthquake 1995 damage. - set up strong, [My daughter] was so unfortunate to be sleeping beside me. Evidence from the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Hanshin_earthquake&oldid=992706984, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Internal link templates linking to redirects, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 18:08. People died and houses burned because ambulances and fire trucks were stuck in a 20-mile traffic jam eon the main Osaka-Kobe highway couldn't get to them in time. In the scientific literature it is often called the 1995 Southern Hyōgo Prefecture Earthquake (平成7年(1995年)兵庫県南部地震, Heisei 7 nen (1995 nen) Hyōgo-ken Nanbu Jishin), the name chosen by the Japan Meteorological Agency in the week after the main shock. It measured 6.8 on the moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. After the Kobe Earthquake responses focussed on rehousing people. '"[Source: Washington Post]. [In 1923, the Great Kanto Earthquake killed 140,000 people in this area.] The most vulnerable structures were traditional wood frame-and stucco houses built after World War II, many of which collapsed "as if they were made of matchsticks.". The year 1995 is often regarded as a turning point in the emergence of volunteerism as a major form of civic engagement. “A reconstruction planning committee headed by Atsushi Shimokobe, former deputy head of the National Land Agency, drafted proposals. The Kobe earthquake, which shook the island nation of Japan on 17th January, 1995, is considered to be the second most disastrous earthquake that the country witnessed in the 20th century. Source(s): https://shrink.im/a9g1y. Earthquakes of these types are especially frequent in the coastal regions of northeastern Japan. ", One Kobe survivor who lived in a two-story wood house that collapsed told the Yomiuri Shimbun, “All five members of my family were buried alive. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. the size of the earthquake was 7.2. the earthquake injured 25,000; 46,440 building laid in ruins after the quake. We were sleeping on the first floor. This was Japan's worst earthquake in the 20th century after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, which claimed more than 105,000 lives. [20] Hyōgo's prefectural government invested millions of yen in the following years to build earthquake-proof shelters and supplies in public parks.[21]. Some new houses were badly damaged while some old ones were undisturbed. It was caused by a strike-slip jolt (sudden lateral movement of one rock mass against another) on the Nojima Fault, which up until then was not considered a dangerous fault. There were several reasons why the earthquake was so devastating. The Hyogo prefectural government complained at the time: "We were forced to issue a lot of local bonds. EARTHQUAKE CASE STUDY : Kobe Earthquake 1995 KEY FACTS. The national government changed its disaster response policies in the wake of the earthquake, and its response to the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake was significantly faster and more effective. The plan was to woo business enterprises with preferential incentives to spur economic growth. A total of $3.2 billion was necessary just to clean up the 15 million tons of debris. Even the Yamaguchi-gumi yakuza syndicate was involved in distributing food and supplies to needy victims.[22]. Kobe, Japan, 1995 (MEDC) On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. High rise buildings that were built after the 1981 building code suffered little. At this plate margin, the Pacific plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, stresses build up and when they are released the Earth shakes. The overturned concrete deck was monolithically connected (“piltz” form) to 3.1-m-diameter circular-column piers, founded on 17-pile groups in alluvium sand and gravel. Few fiber optic cameras were used to locate survivors in the rubble. This help was essential to the Kobe population, because official support was inconsistent and chaotic for several days. No need to register, buy now! Intro facts: Cause of the earthquake: The earthquake was caused by the Philippines Plate being subducted under the Eurasian Plate. Ten spans of the Kobe Route elevated expressway were knocked over in three locations across Kobe and Nishinomiya, blocking a link that carried 40% of Osaka-Kobe road traffic. Outside Japan the earthquake is commonly known as the Kobe earthquake. "All they seem to have are a bunch of chain saw and shovels," one California rescuer told Newsweek. 17 JANUARY 1995 Kobe Earthquake Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The Philippine Sea Plate is subducted beneath the Eurasian plate. Half of the elevated expressway's piers sustained some damage. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. In the five years after the quake more than 200 elderly people died solitary deaths in temporary housing. Wooden supports collapsed inside supposedly solid concrete pilings under the tracks of the Shinkansen high-speed rail line, causing the entire line to shut down. [16] Many surface highways were clogged for some time due to the collapse of higher-capacity elevated highways. On January 17, 1995 an earthquake measuring at 7.3 on the Richter magnitude scale occurred at 05:46 am JST near the city. We just had to stand there. The problem was pervasive because the majority of the waterfront facilities were reclaimed lands consisting of loose to medium-dense cohesionless fills. "There may have been one or two that have been damaged. It lasted for 20 seconds. One survivor in an emergency shelter told a Japanese television station, "we haven't eaten anything except one or two slices of bread and a banana---that's all today. Apr 24, 2013 - Explore Alan Banks's board "Kobe Earthquake 1995" on Pinterest. short term result: Pehaps that they could desire to re-build each little thing. In terms of fire incidence in regions heavily affected by the earthquake, fires occurred almost evenly in proportion to the ratio of damaged structures even other than Nagata-ward in Kobe city where major conflagrations were concentrated. More than 300,000 people were moved to emergency shelters in schools, gymnasiums and other buildings, where they slept like packed sardines on floors and even on the stairs. May 14, 2011], “The reconstruction committee held five meetings from February 16 to March 23, 1995, and drafted seven emergency proposals for reconstruction planning, housing construction, employment, economic measures and other issues. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. Many people were killed when heavy typhoon-resistant tile roofs collapsed on top of them. Firemen were unable to do anything to stop them because there was no water, and the fires spread rapidly because of strong winds. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. residents whose homes were designated "totally damaged" or "half damaged" received government money and money from $450 million in donations that had been raised across Japan. Aerial view of a corner of Rokko Island. The Osaka-Kobe railway tracks were operational that when the wood supports gave,... 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