[10], World War I caused problems for the breed in the United Kingdom, and when the war was over there were no dogs whose parents had registered pedigrees. [33][34], Narrow/closed angle glaucoma is an autosomal dominant inheritable trait in the breed. "...in those days only those dogs up to a hard day’s work and sensible specimens were allowed to live, as absolute sporting purposes were about their only enjoyment and dog shows were hardly heard of...".[4]. Dogs from working lines are noticeably distinct in appearance. Since then, the Springer and Cocker enthusiasts have bred in the separate traits that they desired. The condition causes them to curl inwards, pressing the eyelashes against the surface of the eye itself and causing them to scratch it. [8], The breed standard indicates that the males of the breed are on average between 15.5 and 16 inches (39 and 41 cm) at the withers with the females a little smaller, growing to between 15 and 15.5 inches (38 and 39 cm). Their tenacity and alertness and loyalty makes them ideal companions for law enforcement and military personnel as working or guard dogs. They are a working dog, bred for hunting, and while not as rare as some varieties of spaniel, they are rarer than the more widely known English Springer Spaniel with which they are sometimes confused. Health conditions are limited to those common among many breeds of dog, although they are affected more than average by hip dysplasia and some eye conditions. English Setter may weigh 66 kg / 146 pounds more than American Cocker Spaniel. Both the parents are our family pets and can be seen. The Shar Pei can weigh as much as 60 pounds. The most recent best in show was Sh. At this time it was not uncommon for Cockers and Springers to come from the same litter. Flush: A Biography is an semi-fictional biography of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's red cocker spaniel written by Virginia Woolf and published in 1933. [34][35], A link between coat colour and temperament has been proposed. [33], Rage syndrome is most often associated with the Show Cocker Spaniel breed, although, cases have been found in other breeds and cases are relatively rare even within the Cocker Spaniel breed. The origin of the Welsh Springer Spaniel is unknown, however dogs resembling the breed with its distinctive red and white coat are frequently depicted in old pictures and prints. Roan is an extreme version of ticking and consists of the white dog parts of a dog being speckled with the same colour as the solid patches. [4] [14] Total registrations in the UK during 2016 fell to 299 qualifying it to be included on The Kennel Club's list of Vulnerable Native Breeds. Its eyes should be dark and its lobular ears should reach "a bit past" the tip of the nose when pulled forward. They were relatively unknown until a succession of victories in dog trials by the breed increased its popularity. [27][28], Common health issues with English Cockers are bite problems, skin allergies, shyness, cataracts, deafness (affecting 6.3% of the dogs of this breed[29]), aggression towards other dogs, and benign tumours. The breed's coat only comes in a single colour combination of white with red markings, usually in a piebald pattern. Red Cocker Spaniel English Cocker Spaniel Working Spaniel Golden Retriever Cross Sprocker Spaniel Working Cocker Irish Setter Dog Travel Animales. [44], A field-bred cocker spaniel is first and foremost an upland flushing dog. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 47: 75-89 cited by, "American Kennel Club: English Cocker Spaniel", "Dusting off History to Look at Cocker Hunting Tradition Part I", "Besti hundur sýningar á Crufts, frá árunum 1928-2002", "The Cocker Spaniel Club: Breed Standard", "A comparison of English Springer Spaniels, American Cocker Spaniels and English Springer Spaniels", "English Cocker Spaniel Dog Breed Information", "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 1", "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 3", "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 4", "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 2", "The Intelligence of Dogs: Ranks 11 to 26", "Dog Longevity Web Site, Breed Data page", "Dog Longevity Web Site, Weight and Longevity page", "Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for English Cocker Spaniels", "English Cocker Spaniel Health Survey Final Report", "The 2002 English Cocker Spaniel Health Survey Report", "Breed-Specific Deafness Incidence in Dogs (percent)", "Proceedings of the NAVC (North American Veterinary Conference)", "Results of the Multicenter Spaniel Trial (MUST): Taurine-and Carnitine-Responsive Dilated Cardiomyopathy in American Cocker Spaniels With Decreased Plasma Taurine Concentration", "Smith College: Research on pleiotropy in dogs", "World's Meanest Dog: The English Cocker Spaniel? [16] In addition, a silver/ash colour, usually associated with the Weimaraner breed of dog, is considered genetically possible but is yet to be recorded by the United Kingdom's Kennel Club. Spaniel type dogs have been found in art and literature for almost 500 years. Saved by Craig Eden. Share on Facebook. Any pattern is acceptable and any white area may be flecked with red ticking. [5][6], In the late 19th century with the increase in popularity of dog shows and the creation of standards for various breeds, the Spaniel family began to split into various different breeds. Symptoms can include tearing, squinting, the rubbing of the eyes, thick discharge from the eyes and rolling of the eyelid along with wetness on the hairs next to the eyelids. As such they are generally not encouraged in the breed. If the fluid is not reduced, the pressure causes permanent damage to the retina and optic nerve. 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