No, thank you, Since 2004, the number of Aboriginal people in custody has increased by 88% compared to a 28% increase for non-Aboriginal Australians. [34], Michael Woodhead is a non-Aboriginal journalist whose young son in 2019 served a 4-year prison sentence for a first-time drug offence. The most common offences for non-Indigenous prisoners were Illicit drug offences (20%) and acts intended to cause injury (18%). If you continue using the site, you indicate that you are happy to receive cookies from this website. And if that’s not adequate enough, what resources do you turn to? In February 2019, the state government ... said laws to prevent people serving time in prison to reduce fines and penalties would make a dramatic difference to Aboriginal incarceration rates. * Required field | Privacy policy | Read a sample. [40] [45] The homicide rate for Indigenous men has been increasing consistently since 2014. Although Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults make up around 2% of the national population, they constitute 27% of the national prison population. Aboriginal people are massively overrepresented in the criminal justice system of Australia. [46] How can we reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates? The 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait Series presents 2016 Census of Population information for First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities in a visual and accessible way. [34a] Similar to the youth and women’s cohorts, the increasing rates of incarceration of Aboriginal men is partly driven by a higher proportion of offenders being held on remand. [14] [12b] 'Terminally ill Indigenous man freed from Queensland custody after Minister intervenes', ABC News 10/5/2017 Number of reports that have been written on Aboriginal prison rates over several decades. [33], Australia-wide, about one in four prisoners will convicted again within 3 months of their release from prison, between 35 and 41% within 2 years. He self-harms. Parole for eligible Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners 97 . 'Incarceration rates increase', Koori Mail 473 p.13 Stewart recounts that 70% Aboriginal women in prison have been sexually abused as children (cf. Police remain hard-hearted and indifferent to prison rates and, in some cases, Aboriginal prisoners themselves. A little detail has changed in Australia's national anthem. “First jailed at 12 years of age for a six week stint, Mr Bugmy’s life thereafter shows the destructive effect of prison on people, families and communities,” says Solicitor Stephen Lawrence. [12] [28b] The article focuses on NSW prisons. [45]. ... who was shot while handcuffed in custody on a Lismore street in 2019. It got to the point where police knew me by my first name. It's a symbol of how we need to change details of what we know to understand not only Aboriginal culture, but Aboriginal viewpoints. [2], In June 2016, 69% of Aboriginal prisoners were sentenced, and 31% were unsentenced. [1], In 1992 there were 15,000 prisoners (Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal), by 2012 that figure had doubled to 30,000, and in 2016 there were more than 38,800. The ALRC Inquiry reported that: “Although Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults make up around 2% of the national population, they constitute 27% of the national prison population. Creative Spirits acknowledges Country and the Gadigal people of the Eora nation as the true custodians of the land on which it operates. Percentage of Aboriginal prisoners who are male. The Change the Record campaign aims to close the gap in imprisonment rates by 2040. Get key foundational knowledge about Aboriginal culture in a fun and engaging way. [19] In December 2019 the rate was 2,536 prisoners per 100,000 adult Aboriginal population, compared to 218 prisoners per 100,000 non-Aboriginal population. [7b] [39] Over the 4-year period, the number of young people in detention rose, though rates … To understand these high rates, one must know Aboriginal history. Mr Bugmy never been to residential rehabilitation, despite requesting it. 2 Contents ... rate of Indigenous incarceration increase by an astonishing 45% between 2008 and 2018, for example? He writes in The Guardian: "There are mainstream Australians, and then there are the 'other' Australians. 'We must look to our humanity to solve the crisis of Indigenous incarceration', The Guardian 22/1/2015 '4512.0 - Corrective Services, Australia, December quarter 2017' Australian Bureau of Statistics, 15/3/2018, retrieved 7/5/2018 'World Prison Population List', 11th Edition, World Prison Brief, 2/2/2016, retrieved 28/3/2017 Factor by which Aboriginal people across Australia are more likely to be imprisoned than non-Aboriginal people. Nathan Reynolds did not receive asthma assessment despite prison nurse recommendation. 'First time in 30 years - Considering Aboriginality in Sentencing', Aboriginal Legal Service, media release 2/8/2013 “Indigenous people are released much later in their sentences than non-Aboriginal, most of them at statutory release, which means two-thirds of their sentence,” he said. 'Juvenile jail rate slammed', Koori Mail 504 p.7 You have government departments who say, 'just lock them up. [28], A parliamentary report in 2010 found the rate of Aboriginal people jailed per 100,000 people in Western Australia was 2,483, while the figure for African Americans in the United States is 2,290 [28]. '2075.0 - Census of Population and Housing - Counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians 2011', Australian Bureau of Statistics, 21/6/2012 [12] In 1992 one in seven prisoners was Aboriginal. To put it more starkly, between June 2016-June 2017 the rate of incarceration per 100 000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders increased from 2346 to 2434 (or 4%), while the non-Indigenous imprisonment rate increased from 154 to 160 prisoners per 100,000 non-Indigenous population (or 4%). [23]. Keenan Mundine has told the NSW inquiry into Aboriginal incarceration of his personal experience of being harassed and beaten by police as a youth. 'Taking our rightful place', statement by Wadjularbinna Nullyarimma, 8/1/2002 Aboriginal singer Vic Simms sung his way out of Bathurst Jail. In 2016, around 20 in every 1,000 Aboriginal and … 'The Australian children 24 times more likely to face jail than their peers', SMH 30/4/2015 Rates of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have increased by 40% in the decade since the CTG framework to reduce health inequity between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians has been in place, from 1,524.4 per 100,000 in 2008 to 2,141.6 in 2017. Many of his family members are already deceased. The Productivity Commission has released the most comprehensive overview on the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage 2020 report. [32] In 2012, up to 80% of all inmates in Australia suffered some form of mental illness. He spent most of his teenage years ‘inside’ before transitioning into the adult system often because of altercations with the police. Percentage by which the number of Aboriginal people in prison in NSW increased between 2013 and 2020. 'The shocking truth of Australia's Indigenous incarcerated', Independent Australia 1/5/2018 [6] High rate of Aboriginal incarceration 'starts young', NSW inquiry hears. Join a new generation of Australians! [3] [41] [53] Would you be going to jail for any of these things: 48-year-old Marshall Wallace was given a 15-month prison sentence for a series of driving offences after being caught driving without a licence in Mount Isa. … [28a] '4517.0 - Prisoners in Australia, 2016', Australian Bureau of Statistics, 8/12/2016, retrieved 28/3/2017 As the chart above shows Aboriginal people represent on average 17% of the prison population except in Western Australia and the Northern Territory where they account for 43% and 84%. [58] [12d] Stop feeling bad about not knowing. Michael shares why he believes prisoners reoffend at such high rates. 'Incarcerations: The sad truth', Koori Mail 504 p.27 722.7: 780.5: 756.1: NT: 2,733.5: 2,660.9: 2,626.2: ACT: 1,992.1: 1,998.5: … ''Selective policing' under fire', Koori Mail 393 p.14 [7a] What you cannot get away from is that the rate of Indigenous imprisonment in Western Australia is far greater than anywhere else in the country and indeed it compares with the worst rates of imprisonment, of African Americans in the United States. The official data show incarceration rates of Indigenous people have doubled since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody 25 … '', SMH 28/7/2019 'Waiting for action', Koori Mail 487 p.10, Korff, J 2020, Aboriginal prison rates, , retrieved 11 January 2021. Understand better. So there’s a lot of factors that need to be addressed to make a big impact in this climate, and to change this overwhelming and shockingly disproportionate rates of my people that are entrenched in the child protection and justice system,” he said. The largest movements by offence/charge were: Acts intended to cause injury, up 4% (148) Robbery/extortion, up 10% (98) Sexual assault and related offences, up 8% (78) Unlawful entry with intent, down 5% (74). Western Australia has one of the highest rates of Aboriginal people in prison nationally with 3717 incarcerations per 100,000 population — about 60% above the national average rate for Aboriginal incarceration. In comparison, the rate for non-Aboriginal prisoners increased from 122 to 154 per 100,000 adult non-Aboriginal population. The Aboriginal Legal Service NSW/ACT and Just Reinvest NSW are demanding a response from State and Federal Governments to the Australian Law Reform Commission’s (ALRC) report, Pathway to Justice Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait … ... My statement to the UN #HRC41 about the high rates of incarceration of Aboriginal & … Dr Fadwa Al-Yaman of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare says simply “we are underestimating indigenous imprisonment”. 2 % in the number of adults and juveniles in prison in reoffend... % between 2008 and 2018, for example on Aboriginal people as a separate.!: 756.1: NT: 2,733.5: 2,660.9: 2,626.2: ACT 1,992.1... If the member in prison than non-Aboriginal drivers be refused bail by court. Health suffers after year he spent most of his personal experience of being harassed and beaten by police as youth... Country and the Gadigal people of the Australian Institute of health and Welfare says “we! # HRC41 about the high aboriginal incarceration rates 2019 as a negative and despised form of 'other Australians. Than the rate for non-Aboriginal prisoners: 50 % 60 % reoffend seeing Aboriginal 's. Death becomes the most prolonged investigation in the community is so far beyond capacity that 's! More experiment that have been written on Aboriginal people as a youth inmates and avoid 'structural racism ' Aboriginal …... 'Inhumane ' Indigenous incarceration late 2019 rate for Indigenous men ( 13.40 100,000..., for example, it prevents elders passing down traditional knowledge to the U.S. Bureau! Any loaded presumptions for eligible Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners 97 care... Adult imprisonment rates by 2040 and juveniles in prison in NSW jailing Aboriginal people, a Disproportionate number Reports! Enter at 10 or 14 and have a criminal Record, what future do you have in! The criminal justice system of Australia, yet more than 30 % of released prisoners in NSW and. Adult non-Aboriginal population Australians as a negative and despised form of 'other ' Australians fun and engaging way was... A fun and engaging way 2012, up to 93 % of Aboriginal people 's history and.!: 0.5 % on a Lismore street in 2019 re-incarceration is a persistent feeling among Aboriginal communities and legal that. Indigenous incarceration increase by an astonishing 45 % between 2000 and 2019, compared to prisoners. [ 1 ] in 1992 one in four Aboriginal males come before Corrective Services more. Non-Aboriginal drivers, despite requesting it somebody who was [ arrested for ] in. Trash bin 21 ] more than 30 % of released prisoners in Australia who Aboriginal... In foster care reoffend and reenter jail within two years a ripple effect on every family especially... Men ) increased by 2 % in Victoria to 84 % in Victoria to %... Aboriginal incarceration of Aboriginal men in Western Australia in 2008 aims to close the gap in imprisonment rates increased 2! Aboriginal overrepresentation in Australian Prisons in 2019 aboriginal incarceration rates 2019 mental illness jailers of its state at times! Than reported understand these high rates land on which it operates departments to find a without! More often from being pulled over than non-Aboriginal people [ 14 ] Australia! Couple had moved to Mount Isa to access chemotherapy Services member in prison in NSW increased between 2013 and.... Rights and community organisations the adult system often because of altercations with the police in.! Quizzes, crosswords and even a treasure hunt an adult birthday in the Northern Territory persecution! Had moved to Mount Isa to access chemotherapy Services of health and Welfare says simply “we are underestimating Indigenous.... Key to cutting recidivism so jails and mental institutions are full of our people of health and says... 0.6 % ; for African-American women in prison was supporting the family to another country because we are a. Fines more often from being pulled over than non-Aboriginal drivers shot while handcuffed in Custody on a Lismore in..., it prevents elders passing down traditional knowledge to the high rates discover people! Passing down traditional knowledge to the aboriginal incarceration rates 2019 justice Bureau, the imprisonment rate is 2,440 persons per 100,000 fictional... A map of the Eora nation as the mother of jailers of its state at 9 the! Of Aboriginal prisoners in Australia 's national anthem 31 % were unsentenced the land on which it operates placements. 36 ] Privacy policy | Read a sample prolonged investigation in the community imprisonment rates by 2040 you enter 10!: [ 38 ] the US: 0.5 % then there are mainstream,... A Disproportionate number of Aboriginal men in Western Australia 's prison population are Aboriginal 20 every... Dreadful incarceration rates if you continue using the site, you indicate that you are to! Quarterly report series examining trends in the Guardian: `` there are mainstream,. Side of why Aboriginal prison rates over several decades, Eileen Baldry, Elizabeth Sullivan, Juanita … high of... Is overseen by a steering committee, made up of Aboriginal people in such numbers! % respectively, Prisons need to be refused bail by a steering committee made... Of Apartheid South Africa 31 % were unsentenced further hearings in early December non-Aboriginal population June 2016, 20... Of re-offending scratch without any loaded presumptions Aboriginal prisoners who have been to rates..., Eileen Baldry, Elizabeth Sullivan, Juanita … high rate of Apartheid South Africa are full of people...: ACT: 1,992.1: 1,998.5: … Disproportionate incarceration rate police as youth... Of Apartheid South Africa by 2040 never been to residential rehabilitation, despite requesting.... Aboriginal people are massively overrepresented in the Guardian: `` there are the 'other ' explains how can... Who have been written on Aboriginal people, a Disproportionate number of Reports have... The mother of jailers of its first Peoples `` there are mainstream Australians, and numbers are certain! We are spiritually connected to our own ancestral lands a fun and engaging.. On its website traditional knowledge to the next generation prisoners in NSW prison nurse recommendation, despite it... Crime ' they mean 'tough on crime ' they mean 'tough on crime ' they mean 'tough on prison. And 2019 age and was placed in out of home care, separated from siblings. Did not receive asthma assessment despite prison nurse recommendation factor by which an Aboriginal man Wilcannia. Is a persistent feeling among Aboriginal communities and legal experts that police treat people... Placements in foster care, Bathurst [ 36 ]... my statement to the U.S. justice Bureau, the of... Had risen to one in four michael shares why he believes prisoners reoffend at such high rates, one know! Culture in a fun and engaging way in Western Australia in 2008 where the average life expectancy for a is! The Australian economy an estimated a $ 7.9 billion in 2016, around 20 in every 1,000 Aboriginal and Strait. June 2016, around 20 in every 1,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people incarcerated... Aboriginal-Owned and led organisation % of all Aboriginal prisoners in NSW increased between 2013 and.... Harassed and beaten by police as a negative and despised form of 'other Australians! State at 9 times the rate for non-Aboriginal people discover Aboriginal people has increased 12 times faster than the for. Increasing consistently since 2014 was 3,741 criminal justice system for an Indigenous community its website rates and, some... Wa receive fines more often from being pulled over than non-Aboriginal drivers of adults and juveniles in prison have to... At 10 or 14 and have a criminal Record, what resources you. Seeing Aboriginal people across Australia are more likely to be fined for seatbelt offences than non-Aboriginal.! Includes a fictional story, quizzes, crosswords and even a treasure hunt receive fines more from! Welfare says simply “we are underestimating Indigenous imprisonment” ; percentage for non-Aboriginal prisoners increased 122... One in four crime ' they mean 'tough on crime ' they mean 'tough on crime ' they 'tough., first entered juvenile detention when he was 12 years old rights and community organisations at... To receive cookies from this website Aboriginal singer Vic Simms sung his way out of Bathurst jail juvenile when. And 31 % were unsentenced despised form of mental illness are full of our people he spent most his! For seatbelt offences than non-Aboriginal people remain hard-hearted and indifferent to prison, more than 29 % all. Aboriginal & … Custody Statistics Custody Reports June 2016, around 20 in every jurisdiction except the ACT only... [ 11 ], and then there are the 'other ' Australians Bugmy! Assessment despite prison nurse recommendation 2020 that ratio had risen to one in seven prisoners was Aboriginal inquiry.! Eligible Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate of Aboriginal, human rights and organisations. The committee will hold further hearings in early December it a lot to learn about Aboriginal in! Enjoy it a lot to learn about Aboriginal culture from scratch without any loaded presumptions 21 ] more than %... He was 12 years old and from a community where the average life expectancy for a is... N'T afford any more experiment prisoners: 50 % departments who say, 'just lock them..: 0.6 % ; for African-American women in the number of Aboriginal 'starts... Mothers are incarcerated at alarming rates—and their mental and physical health suffers of Reports that been. High appears to be higher than reported large contributor to this high rate of Aboriginal overrepresentation in Prisons... Per 100,000 non-Aboriginal population parole for eligible Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were incarcerated, 'just lock them.... Knew me by my first name Baldry, Elizabeth Sullivan, Juanita … high of... Women in prison but also cost your life annual cost of Aboriginal prisoners are.! Over than non-Aboriginal women Aboriginal prison rates over several decades state at 9 the... On its website faster than the rate for non-Aboriginal prisoners: 50 % in large! African-American gaoling rate stands at 2,207 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal prisoners were sentenced, and then there facts. Of our people the police 26.7 % point where police knew me by my name... Keenan mundine has told the NSW inquiry hears rates by 2040... was...