The British Transport Police … The UK Police Service is made up of many different ranks. While police … The Isle of Man police ranks follow the structure of other British police rank structures however it is notably missing the Chief Superintendent and Assistant Chief Constable ranks within their own structure. However, since 2000, the National Policing Improvement Agency has encouraged special constabularies to return to rank structures and epaulette insignia identical to their regular counterparts. In the United Kingdom, detective ranks are not superior to those of uniformed officers and a detective has the same powers and authority as a uniformed officer of the same rank. They may assist Basic Command Unit (BCU) commanders, command smaller units, or fill various staff posts. The prefix "temporary" before a rank (e.g. Ranks within Volunteer Police Cadet schemes vary considerably across Great Britain. Between 1949 and 1968, chief superintendent was junior to deputy commander in the Metropolitan Police, and between 1953 and 1974 it was immediately senior to superintendent grade I. Policing in Scotland and Northern Ireland has been devolved to the Scottish Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly respectively. Senior special constables have no authority over regular officers, but very experienced officers may occasionally be given administrative supervision of mixed units of regular and special constables for certain events where no regular supervisory officer is available. Inspectors and more senior ranks wore epaulettes at a much earlier stage, although they once wore their rank insignia on their collars. Detective chief inspector (DCI) is usually the minimum rank held by a senior investigating officer (SIO), who heads major investigations (e.g. Commander(Cmdr) 2. The City of London Policehas different ranks above Chief Superintendent: 1. [48] Unusually, the star is worn below the pip by chief superintendents and by the chief constable, who wears both symbols above his tipstaves. [53] The duties of traffic wardens have been passed to local authority civil enforcement officers (formerly parking attendants) who, under decriminalised parking enforcement, have powers to issue penalty charge notices for breaches of parking laws on highways or in local authority car parks and compel the production of a disabled parking permit (blue badge) for inspection. The rank is mostly operational, meaning that inspectors are directly concerned with day-to-day policing. In Scotland, the starting salary is £26,037, rising to £40,878, but after ten, not eight, years in service. London's Metropolitan Police is by far the largest police force in the United Kingdom with over 32.9 thousand officers in 2020. In some forces such as Hampshire Constabulary and Sussex Police, the chief inspector is the senior officer in command of a district (usually consisting of one or more local authority areas). The above ranks are used by all territorial forces in the United Kingdom, and the specialist national forces: the British Transport Police, Ministry of Defence Police, and Civil Nuclear Constabulary. Rank insignia of Police in the Caribbean Netherlands‎ (1 F) Media in category "Police ranks of the Netherlands" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. All Special Constable collar numbers start with a "6" or a "7", The Deputy Chief Officer rank is currently vacant, The Chief Officer rank is currently vacant, Regular Police Sergeant acts as a Chief Officer, Special Chief Inspector acts as Special Constable Lead, Assistant Chief Officer is not currently in use, The Special Sergeant is known as a Section Officer, The Special Inspector is known as a Senior Section Officer, A regular Chief Inspector acts as a Chief Officer, authorise the continued detention of up to 24 hours of a person arrested for an offence and brought to a. extend the length of prisoner detention to 36 hours (granted to superintendents), Sergeant: borough code and one, two or three digits, Constable: borough code and three or four digits, PCSO: borough code and four digits, the first digit being a 7, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 13:53. Constable is the first rank, one rank below a sergeant and five ranks below chief superintendent in all police forces in the United Kingdom. In general, they provide the policing for ports, docks, tunnels, or other particular institutions. The United Kingdom England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland 1 Territorial Law Enforcement 2 National Law Enforcement 2.1 Government Agencies 2.2 Special Police Forces 3 Military Law Enforcement See also: Territorial Police Force In the United Kingdom there are a total of 45 territorial police forces (see: UK Police Force). For example, rank insignia and collar numbers on epaulettes are gold, as are the bands and oak leaves on the caps of senior officers, and officers of or above the rank of commander wear gold-on-black gorget patches on the collars of their tunics. The fabric used in the crowns is blue, whereas other police forces use red. From January 1954 there was one superintendent grade I and one chief inspector in each sub-division, one chief superintendent, one superintendent grade II and one detective superintendent grade I in each division, and one commander, one deputy commander, one detective chief superintendent, and one detective superintendent grade II in each district. For example, rank insignia and collar numbers on epaulettes are gold, a… Sergeant. In Thames Valley Police, the ranks are as follows: cadet, team leader, deputy head cadet, and head cadet. On the other hand, under section 36 of that Act, only substantive sergeants may be appointed custody officers. South Wales Police issue Special Constabulary Officers with the prefix of 7 for their collar numbers. The UK police force is broken down into two delineations: Police and Metropolitan Police. [6] Senior special constables wear the same markings on their hats as equivalent regular ranks. Police officer/patrol officer/police detective. Inspectors and chief inspectors wear a hat with a silver band instead of a black one. The rank of Special Constable and Special Sergeant feature the force emblems. Follow us. No rank insignia. Chief constables, the Commissioner of the City of London Police, and all commissioner ranks of the Metropolitan Police wear oakleaves on both the outer and inner edges of their peaks (or a double row beneath the capbadge for female officers). Every police officer in the UK is issued with a warrant number at their date of joining. This lasted until 1974, when superintendent once more became a single rank, wearing a crown on the epaulettes. The senior Criminal Investigation Department (CID) officer in each BCU usually also holds this rank. Although most forces have now reverted to regular rank titles (with the prefix "special"), only some have reverted to regular rank insignia. The force rank structure is as follows, ending with the highest rank of Chief Constable. In Scotland, however, the mark is a silver band for inspectors and chief inspectors, a silver band and silver oakleaves on the outer and inner edges of the peak respectively for superintendents and chief superintendents, and silver oakleaves on the outer and inner edges of the peak for all chief officers. The move follows a vote by members of the Fire Brigade Union in the London region. Head police cadet is the highest rank, typically assisted by two deputies. Kent Police, for instance, refers to its numbers as force numbers and officers wear them on a velcro tab on their stab vest or on a badge attached to their shirt or tunic. Temporary ranks are often used for set periods (e.g. A uniform system of insignia based on that of the US Army and Marine Corps is used to help identify an officer's seniority. Officers in all forces of the rank of inspector or above do not usually wear their numbers. Today, the function of chief inspectors varies from force to force. In relation to police officers of the Home Office or territorial police forces of England and Wales, section 30 of the Police Act 1996 states that "a member of a police force shall have all the powers and privileges of a Constable throughout England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters". [4]Superintendents grade II wore the crown (the rank badge formerly worn by chief inspectors), with superintendents grade I wearing a crown over a pip (the rank badge formerly worn by superintendents). Metropolitan police officers work in places like London and while the job duties are not different the pay can be more in cities such as London due to the higher crime rate. Constables who are training to become detective constables sometimes bear the title trainee investigator (T/I) or trainee detective constable (T/DC). The ranks of the Police department or the organizational structure of the UK Police slightly varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. A chief superintendent's annual salary starts at £81,156 and rises to £85,614 with and additional London weighting of £2,373 (as of April 2019). In both the police forces, the rank is senior to Chief Superintendent. acting inspector, abbreviated A/Insp) denotes an officer who is performing the role of a higher rank than the one actually held (sometimes informally termed "acting up"). Most forces no longer use divisional call numbers, and retain only the collar number and rank insignia. [1][2] Most of the British police ranks that exist today were chosen by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the Metropolitan Police, enacted under the Metropolitan Police Act 1829. Additionally, officers at or above the rank of commander or assistant chief constable wear gorget patches on the collars of their tunics. Other special constabularies use combinations of bars, half bars, pips, crowns, laurel wreaths, collar numbers, force crests and the SC identity (with or without a crown) to distinguish ranks (and/or role). Although these forces tend to require high standards of training and accountability, which closely mirror those of the Home Office police forces, they are usually much smaller in terms of personnel, and therefore utilise fewer of the 'standard' ranks. Upon being sworn in, each officer starts at the rank of constable and is required to undergo a two-year probationary period. Very few police Traffic Wardens now exist with a legacy of only 10 police traffic wardens remaining in England & Wales. This is the same badge as a captain in the British Army. Officers holding ranks up to and including chief superintendent who are members of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) or Special Branch (and certain other units) have the prefix "detective" before their rank. Follow our Twitter account; Follow our Facebook account; Follow our Instagram account The classic blue serge uniforms of old, being classic fanservice if worn by a female, have also gone from everyday use. Officers from the police forces of Scotland and Northern Ireland and non-territorial special police forces have different jurisdictions. Chief constable is the title of the head of each United Kingdom territorial police force except the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police, which are headed by commissioners. London Fire Brigade has returned some of its rank structure and officer roles to what it once was. Police Community Support Officers, in general, do not have a rank system: their epaulettes simply bear the words "POLICE COMMUNITY SUPPORT OFFICER" and their shoulder number, or, in the Metropolitan Police, a borough identification code and shoulder number. Instead they feature Order of the Bath stars, informally known as "pips", being the same insignia as those of a lieutenant in the British Army. The ranks are management grades; those holding them are not "sergeants" or "inspectors" for the purposes of the law (for example, authorisations to order the removal of disguises or to set up roadblocks). Constables wear epaulette attached to the uniform, displaying their collar number (also called a shoulder number). The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), founded in June 1922, was headed by an inspector-general and had a different rank structure until 1 June 1970, when it fully adopted the rank system used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. Insignia on hats and uniforms can vary between forces within the UK and the following tables below will not accurately represent all constabularies within the UK. Starting from the bottom, everyone who joins the police as an officer, will undergo a probationary period which usually lasts for two years. Traffic wardens were administered by the police and exercised some police powers to control traffic or issue fixed penalty notices for traffic offences. Police officers do not need to be on duty to exercise their powers and can act off duty if circumstances require it (technically placing themselves back on duty). Ranks above chief superintendent are usually non-operational management roles, and are often referred to as "chief officer" ranks, but the longer phrase "chief police officer" or similar in legislation is specifically a commissioner or chief constable, a "senior police officer" being their immediate deputy. [15] Cadets appointed Mayor's Cadets are given a special badge or epaulettes to wear. The rank badge, worn on the epaulettes, is a bath star ("pip") below a crown, the same rank badge worn by a lieutenant-colonel in the British Army. In many areas parking legislation has been decriminalised and is enforced solely by council-employed parking attendants. All officers have a unique identification number. The chief inspector's salary range is between £56,909 and £59,249: in London, the range is £59,175 to £61,509. Today, however, every force in the country has all three ranks. Constable. NATO Rank OF-S OF-D OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10 Royal Navy. Ranks have been created, abolished, amalgamated and sometimes revived during the history of British policing. In most forces these identification numbers are simple numbers, with one to five digits. While some smaller or area specific police forces (ports, docks, tunnels etc.) "MET only" means they are specific for the Metropolitan Police. The rank below superintendent was originally inspector until the introduction of chief inspector in 1868. The RUC was succeeded in November 2001 by the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI), which uses the same ranks, but has a different version of the rank insignia, with the star from the PSNI badge replacing the crown. The rank of inspector has existed since the foundation of the Metropolitan Police, formed in 1829, when it was used to designate the rank immediately below that of superintendent, and many Commonwealth police forces also use the term. The rank of superintendent was introduced at the foundation of the Metropolitan Police in 1829. The rank insignia is worn on epaulettes on the shirts for formal occasions or ironed onto polo shirts which are used for less formal occasions. UK POLICE RANKS . The PSNI has retained the RUC's distinctive inverted (point-up) sergeants' chevrons, worn on the lower sleeve in formal uniform. All police forces have used a wide variety of ranks to meet their organisational needs, especially the Metropolitan Police Service. Officers taking part in public order and public safety (POPS) events and incidents wear colour-coded rank slides to denote command and support roles. The gorget patches are patterned after those worn by general officers of the British Army and Royal Marines; the police versions, however, are of silver on black (gold on black in the City of London Police) rather than gold on red, in keeping with the police uniform colours. The salary range is £41,500 to £45,098. The Metropolitan Police Service uses the standard British police ranks which can be indicated by shoulder badges/epaulettes and it goes up to Chief Superintendent but uniquely has five ranks above that level instead of the standard three and these five are Commander, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner and Commissioner. The rank badge of a chief inspector is three Bath stars ("pips") worn on the epaulettes. Police Scotland headwear is slightly different for the following ranks:[citation needed], Merseyside Police inspectors and chief inspectors wear similar hats to superintendents in the diagram above. Police Captain. In the UK, the ranks of police detectives aren’t obvious because they use the initials rather than the words (like Sergeant, or Lieutenant). Some ranks within the Police will be subjected to higher security vetting. * Pay for chief officer ranks is determined by the size of the force and level of crime demand. Uniformed inspectors are often responsible for supervising a duty shift made up of constables and sergeants, or act in specialist roles such as supervising road traffic policing. A Station Inspector wore a single star on his epaulettes until 1936, when this changed to a star over two bars to accommodate the new rank of Junior Station Inspector(wearing a star over one bar). However, the rank had been used previously to this in some forces in certain circumstances. Unless there is an assistant police chief or commissioner, a police captain is … Each division was commanded by a superintendent. This page is a table of the insignia of Officer ranks in the British Armed Forces. United Kingdom. Assistant chief constables and deputy chief constables wear two rows of oak leaves. Within the British Police, all police officers are sworn in as and hold the basic powers of a constable. The ranks below are used by all territorial forces in the United Kingdom, and the specialist national forces: the British Transport Police, Ministry of Defence Police, and Civil Nuclear Constabulary. There are various grades of special constable which assist in the tasking and management of the constabulary. Plain-clothes detective inspectors are equal in rank to their uniformed counterparts, the prefix "detective" identifying them as having been trained in criminal investigation and being part of or attached to their force's Criminal Investigation Department (CID). It is a requirement under the College of Policing Public Order Manual that all officers, regardless of rank, display an identifying number on their epaulettes. Within Greater London's Metropolitan Police, all constables and sergeants display a divisional call sign, as well as an individual number. [citation needed]. Nowadays, police uniforms are black. The rank of chief superintendent was first introduced into the Metropolitan Police in 1949, when superintendents were regraded to the new rank, and has since been adopted in all British police forces. Before the reorganisation into boroughs, each division had a different code, with sergeants having two-digit numbers and constables having three-digit numbers. The majority of the ranks that exist today are those that were created by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, who founded the Metropolitan Police in 1829. In order to get promoted, officers are required to serve a certain amount of time at each level of the department. In September 1953, there was another change, when the rank was split into superintendent grade I (current superintendents, chief inspectors commanding sub-divisions and detective chief inspectors commanding divisional CIDs) and superintendent grade II (other current chief inspectors), with a redefined rank of chief inspector being created for senior inspectors. Bronze commanders can be of varying ranks and not just chief inspectors as shown below. In most other forces, superintendent lay between inspector and assistant chief constable until well into the 20th century. This has been recognised at national level and as part of the Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018–2023 the structure and insignia is under review with the intention to standardise. Under section 107 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (England and Wales only), sergeants and chief inspectors may be designated (by an officer of at least the rank of superintendent) to exercise the powers of an inspector or a superintendent respectively. For example, in 1920 the deputy head of Shropshire Constabulary bore the official title of "chief superintendent and deputy chief constable" and in 1927, Lancashire Constabulary had two chief superintendents who were junior to the assistant chief constable. City of London Police insignia is gold where that of other forces is silver. In England and Wales, these include the powers to: Some authorities are matters of force or national or force policy and not subject to law, such as authorising the use of spike strips, and authorising the use of safe controlled crashes of pursued vehicles, by trained traffic police officers. Upon successful completion, constables can remain at their current rank, specialize in criminal investigations or one of many other specialist units, or apply for promotion to sergeant, the first supervisory rank. Sergeants wore their stripes on their upper sleeve. Most of the police ranks in the UK are standardised across the service, with slight variations in the most senior ranks of the Metropolitan Police Service and the City of London Police. The rank badge is a crown worn on the epaulettes, the same as a major in the British Army box. In the British police, a chief superintendent (Ch Supt; or colloquially "chief super") is senior to a superintendent and junior to an assistant chief constable (or a commander in the Metropolitan Police or City of London Police). These are usually referred to as shoulder or collar numbers, referring to the fact that they were once worn on the uniform collar and later on the epaulettes by constables and sergeants. Some forces had chief inspectors, and some later acquired chief superintendents, but this was by no means universal. a single shift when additional supervisory officers are required, or to replace an officer on short-term leave). Until the 2000s, officers wore a white shirt with a black tienote A clip-on tie, otherwise the officer can be grabbed by it.with women wearing either the tie or a black/white chequered cravat. The ranks of police officers are as follows (ending with the highest ranking): Constable Sergeant Inspector Chief Inspector Superintendent Chief Superintendent Assistant Chief Constable Deputy Chief Constable Chief Constable. Inspectorsand more senior ranks wore epaul… Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011, Initial Police Learning and Development Programme, The Functions of Traffic Wardens Order 1970, Removal and Disposal of Vehicles Regulations 1986, Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, Confiscation of Alcohol (Young Persons) Act 1997, Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005, Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom, Rank insignia for Great Britain Police officer headwear, List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom § Miscellaneous police forces, List of police forces in the United Kingdom, List of police forces of the United Kingdom, Thames Valley Police: Uniformed police ranks, https://www.hac.org.uk/home/special-constabulary/, "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", "Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018-2023", "Avon and Somerset Constabulary Website - Police Ranks", "Special Constable Ranks FOI Request 2019, Police Service of Northern Ireland: Badges of Rank, "28 day pre-charge bail limit comes into force", "Police workforce, England and Wales: 30 September 2017", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Police_ranks_of_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=1002239149, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Uniformed officers in many forces still wear them on the epaulettes, but other forces have badges or other ways of displaying their identification numbers. Territorial police forces in the UK have set … The rank of superintendent is senior to chief inspector and junior to chief superintendent. A Sergeant is the first supervisory rank and oftentimes the first “Detective” rank in … The "detective" prefix designates that the officer has received suitable training and passed related examinations to conduct criminal investigations.[50]. Rank insignia is three stripes on the arm or shoulder epaulettes … Originally, specials held the same ranks and used the same rank insignia as regular officers, but there was a general shift to distinct terms such as "area officer" and "divisional officer" in the 1980s. The senior detective and commander of the criminal investigation department in most forces is a detective chief superintendent (DCS or Det Ch Supt) (although in the Metropolitan Police, a DCS may only command a branch of the CID and the head of CID in each district was formerly also a DCS) and the rank of chief superintendent may also be used by the commanders of other headquarters departments. Due to the nature of their duties, these officers generally wear plain clothes (except for ceremonial purposes) and so do not wear the corresponding rank insignia; however, they still operate within the same structure as their uniformed counterparts. Cop, Coppa, or Copper – A police officer.. Dibble – The name of a fictional police officer in the cartoon Top Cat. Constables other than in Scotland start at between £20,880 and £24,117, with an upper limit of £40,128 after about seven years. Chevrons, worn on the epaulettes the ranks of the larger towns Normally Filth”... 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