The locals call the gem stones market the “Htar Pwe” (Htar Festival), “Htar” meaning the “bronze tray” upon which the gems are displayed. Grading Report. The Mogok mines also produce semi-precious stones such as lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl. We arrived at 5 am and, despite the dim light, the market was teeming with people. Travelling to Mogok has been very restricted until 2013. Mogok is the source market for world highest quality rubies and lots of other precious and semi-precious stones like spinel. There are hundreds of open and closed mines around Mogok region. Take a nostalgic train ride over the Gokteik viaduct. Your email is successfully submitted. Mogok is a real precious and quiet town […] Most famous is the story of Daw Nan Kyi. Burma in 1886 with an army of 30,000 men (Min- eral Resources, 1886). The 60% red is not stoplight red but still a beautiful red pink gemstone. There is little mechanization of the mining. AGL Grading Report. As with all corundum, it's also extremely durable, having a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale. Later a Chinese prince who sought protection from the Burmese king gave him a reward for sanctum and token of appreciation an amazing ruby which was perfect fit to kings own ruby received from Nga Mauk. Mogok consists of a collection of gemstone producing areas in Mogok ( Ruby Land ) Book this Tour Request for Agent Rate Mogok also known as “Ruby Land ” is famous for its precious gems production in Myanmar. Deals are done everywhere and purchases are paid in cash. Mogok is just 128 miles away from Mandalay, and makes for an enjoyable holiday location during the cool season. Only gems buyers with government escorts could visit the valley and a handful of tourists when lucky to get permits. In the 1950s, French writer and traveler Joseph Kessel visited the mines and was inspired to write the novel, Mogok, the Valley of Rubies. It wasn’t so icy during our stay, as the mercury was some 10 degrees above zero – enough to warrant thick coats, gloves and a hat though. Long closed to foreigners, the ruby-mining town of Mogok is now open to visitors with the necessary permits. Home to the world’s premier ruby mines, it is also one of the richest mineral concentrations on Earth. The biggest rubies over certain size and weight had to be given to the king. Getting to Mogok is not easy, as the name of the road leading up to this small mining town suggests. Kunz (1915) mentions a Burmese legend from the ruby mines: According to this legend, in the first century of our era three eggs were laid by a female naga, or serpent; out of the first was born Pyusawti, a king of Pagan; out of the second came an Emperor of China, and out of the third were emitted the rubies of the Ruby Mines. The High Class and Taung Pyar Tan (Blue Mountain) companies run buses to Mogok from Yangon, with tickets currently costing K30,300. Allow at least 2 weeks for the application as paperwork need to be processes in Naypyitaw. Other recommended travel routings which you can combine to your longer trips in Myanmar. Jedi spinel by Burma mogok 0.5-0.8ct vibrant pinkish red #spineljewelry #jews #gem #gems #sapphire #ruby #jewelrydesigner The application and reporting formalities still remain same as before in Mogok but are likely to change with the new government that has been in power since April 2016. Second best hotel in Mogok with swimming pool and new wing with rooms that will have great views coming up. Other market areas are more organized and have tables and umbrellas and plastic chairs. The following day we headed out to the Daw Nan Kyi Mountain. In both Kyaukme and Hsipaw we can arrange treks to Palaung tribe villages, cycling excursions. When the government nationalized the mines in 1969, smuggling became rampant. Grading Report. Most of the buyers that you see in Mogok are locals who have been commissioned to buy certain type of stone for clients or partners and will then either send the raw stone or cut and polish it that it is ready for use. Later, the British learned of the French interest in Mogok and Upper Burma, and feared that the French would take over the region and control access to China. About Mogok Burma Ruby Ruby is the gem-quality variety of red corundum; all other colors of corundum are known as sapphire. The exact date when rubies were first discovered in Mogok is unknown. The Burmese king then showed the Nga Mauk ruby to the Frenchman, asking him how much he would estimate its value to be. Moving around feels free and tourism to Mogok is encouraged. Lashio Tour suggestion: Monasteries, rubies and rail journey along old Burma road  Mogok or Moegote as it is often called by the locals is a charming city nestled in a green mountain valley 200km/ 5hr drive north of Mandalay. Daw Nan Kyi Mountain, Padamyar (Ruby) Pagoda, Chanthar Gyi (Rich) Pagoda, Kyauk Nagar (Stone Dragon) Pagoda, Kyauk Pya That Pagoda, Kin Chaung Waterfall and Bernard village are all popular tourist spots. AGL Grading Report. The city itself is shielded by the Taung Mae and Kyae Ni mountains and, like many places in the nearby Shan state, is home to a range of different people – mainly Shan and Burmese, but also Palaung, Chin and Kachin. The Mogok lake occupies the center of Mogok and, with its giant logo, attracts hundreds of tourists everyday seeking that ideal instagram selfie shot. Although local people extracted pieces of ruby on a manageable scale for their livelihoods in the past, use of heavy machinery in mining process reduced job opportunities of local miners in the plots. This increased public recognition of Mogok as the homeland of the finest rubies in the world, especially among the French. The stone is not heated. It is necessary to obtain permits to visit mining sites. • Privacy Policy • Disclaimer, Singapore Business Federation’s Networking Session in Yangon, Import office equipment and service related equipment, Development Zone for Tax Exemption under MIL, Restricted Investment Activities under MIL, Restricted areas for foreigners and tourists in Myanmar, Business Chambers and Associations in Myanmar, Myanmar to further restructure, invest in education system, Illegal export of natural rubber to Thailand damages Myanmar’s image: MRPPA reports, Local car prices turn volatile as online market for govt car import permits emerges, MIC permits 5 investment proposals including two 30 MW solar projects, PTTEP approved to build gas-to-power plant in Myanmar, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xkPm2XpaAzc, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9uJ1wIkICYs. Burmese ruby has a specific gravity of 4.00, a refractive index of 1.76 - 1.78, and birefringence of 0.008. All other color varieties of gem-quality corundum are referred to as sapphire. Backed by a consortium of London-based gem merchants, they planned an invasion of Burma with one of its main objectives being control of Mogok and its ruby mines. The Frenchman, who had never seen such a beautiful gem, said that it would be impossible to assign a value to such an exceptional gem. In the 1870s during the reign of King Mindon the French and the English were building colonial empires in Asia and around the world. For centuries, the mystique surrounding Burma ruby has centered on stones from one extensive jungle tract known as Mogok, 400 or so miles north of Rangoon, this Southeast Asian country’s capital. Aside from ruby, Mogok produces a potpourri of gems, including sapphire, spinel, peridot, topaz and moonstone, to name but a few. Dealers may specialise in either sapphires, rubies, emeralds, jade and amethyst, or offer a range of all each – either as rough stones, cut stones or pairs of cut stones ready to be mounted in jewelry. Probably best advice is that unless you are really expert in gems and know what you are looking for do not buy anything expensive and beware of synthetic stones which are difficult to tell apart and hardly worth anything. The valley and Mogok belt area are especially famous for the rare and most valued pigeon’s blood rubies and blue sapphires. Bhamo Mogok does not have a gems museum but Buddhist monastery dedicated to Daw Nan Kyi’s comes close. All mining activities in the Mogok region are with government permission only. Mogok, the Valley of Rubies is located in Northern Mandalay. During King Pindale’s ruling from 1648 to 1661, a villager called Nga Mauk found a large “The road of 999 bends”, as it’s colloquially known, is famous for its many sharp turns in the surrounding highlands. During sweltering heat of summer months Mogok temperatures are pleasant 25-30c. Putao The two grading reports are pretty similar except the Total Quality Index Rating (TQIR) went from Very Good to Excellent in the new report. Smaller pieces and lower quality are sold at the local markets. E.g. As Mogok due to precious ruby has been famous since the town was established 800 years ago, Mogok ruby has been valued not only by Myanmar but also by the world. Explore Sagaing one of the monastic centers of Myanmar. While sapphire is considered very rare, red ruby is even rarer. There are many buyers so the prices be higher in Mogok due to that. Don't forget to check out our tours and activities in other parts of the country. But taking a slow trip through the mountains to get there, then to discover the amazing food and things to do, you’ll discover the town itself is something of a gem that’s well worth the visit. Jedi spinel by Burma mogok 0.5-0.8ct vibrant pinkish red #spineljewelry #jews #gem #gems #sapphire #ruby #jewelrydesigner Mogok Hill Hotel and the Mogok Motel are also good options. The most valued treasures include 3kg golden and 5kg silver pagodas and largy ruby and other gems that decorate the foot of Buddha’s throne. Consult-Myanmar Co Ltd, Myanmar Co Reg No: 100066009. Earliest references to rubies of Burma have been found dating back to 16th century Shan Dynasty when the ruby mines of Mogok were taken over from the Shan by the king of Burma in 1597. To learn more about the latest Travel Restrictions affecting all travelers entering Myanmar due to the COVID19 Pandemic, click here, #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } This is Mogok’s true beauty. The size plus the 70% red makes this gem extremely rare. It is friendly game and no one minds if you don’t want buy but are curious to learn. The one part was given to the king who rewarded him for great accomplishment. Your Mogok tour guide can arrange this when in Mogok. Prices for these services can range from just K15,000 (though often higher for foreigners). When the temperatures plummet in the early mornings, the village attracts tourists from the warmer parts of Mandalay division hoping to see the beautiful frost-laden lawns and roofs. The Mogok Motel backs onto the town’s great lake and the infamous Mani Mingalar Gem stone market. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[2]='LNAME';ftypes[2]='text';fnames[3]='ADDRESS';ftypes[3]='address';fnames[4]='PHONE';ftypes[4]='phone';fnames[5]='BIRTHDAY';ftypes[5]='birthday';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Copyright © 2021 — Consult-Myanmar Co Ltd, Myanmar Co Reg No: 100066009, • All rights reserved. There were numerous operational problems, however, including flooding and theft. Some local gemologists say you may find gems less expensive in Yangon or in Mae Sot at the end of the trail rather than at source in Mogok. The following day we ate some of our favourite Shan noodle soup, along with hot coffee for breakfast. To see the original article click link here. There are nature trails from the resort to Palaung villages and tea plantation. Mogok trip in Myanmar – Mogok hotel – Mogok Burma ruby. The author makes his first pilgrimage to Burma's Mogok Stone Tract, home of the pigeon's blood ruby. In recent years Bernard village, so named after the former Chief Commissioner of Upper Burma Edward Bernard, has gained a reputation for its frosty – and even icy – temperatures in the winter. 2.23 "Classic" Mogok Unheated Burma Ruby; Photos/VIDEOS. Travel permits are still required for visiting Mogok. During military rule access to the town was restricted, especially for foreigners. In the picture below. Locally registered tour operators in Myanmar can arrange this. There is morning market where vendors will spread their merchandise to display on tarps on the ground. Most gemological authorities expect a medium to medium dark-red color tone in a ruby. As a foreigner you will surely catch locals’ attention and you will be shown many kinds of stones. Mogok, Myanmar, is also known as the "Valley of Rubies." Photo by Andy Lucas, ©GIA. It is quite a scene. These problems finally led the company to abandon the mines in 1931. After arriving at Mandalay airport, head towards Mogok for a 7 hour drive. Although not as productive as large-scale production, they proved to be more cost-effective and sustainable. He tells much of this history via anecdotes and personal communications, using a variety of unique Burmese sources, as well as more traditional references. Myitkyina So valued were Mogok’s rubies that England annexed Upper Burma in 1885 rather than let French firms negotiate mining deals there. View our example itinerary: 4 Days Mogok Ruby Land tour January 30, 2020 by Thiha. The name “Mo-gok” is said to come from the Shan words for “winding valley”, though in Burmese “mo’ means “sky” and “gok” can mean “hook” – both interpretations capture the jagged nature of the valley roads. After visiting gem mines and markets travel to Pyin Oo Lwin hill station town with gardens, colonial mansions and flower, coffee and tea farms. All are close to the town itself, or at least just a short drive away. French representative traveled to meet the Burmese king to enquire how much he would ask to let some French companies mine in Mogok. Mogok trip, Myanmar. During King Pindale’s ruling from 1648 to 1661, a villager called Nga Mauk found a large “The road of 999 bends”, as it’s colloquially known, is famous for its many sharp turns in the surrounding highlands. There are not many hotels in Mogok yet. Opened in early 2015 and currently best hotel in Mogok. Earliest references to rubies of Burma have been found dating back to 16th century Shan Dynasty when the ruby mines of Mogok were taken over from the Shan by the king of Burma in 1597. The Golden Butterfly Hotel has a gorgeous view over the town, and is situated near the night markets. Myanmar's ruby gems mining - in pictures | Art and design | The … Another piece he sold to Chinese merchant. This is a large "Classic" Mogok Burma ruby. Taw Sein Ko, as t… Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. of search terms would be “property research report”, ”condominium law”, “Puma Energy”, “MOGE”, “yangon new town”,”MECTEL”, “hydropower”, etc. Some collectors prefer these lighter color/lighter tones stones. Getting to Mogok is not easy, as the name of the road leading up to this small mining town suggests. Like most of the middle and upper parts of Shan state, the temperature is cool (between 10 to 15C during the cool season). People are extremely friendly and welcoming to visitors. But exiting the 1000th turn is quite rewarding, as the small town with its glittering lights waits in the valley bellow. Many Nepalese (Gurakah) have settled here over generations too, and recent settlers include Chinese from the border regions. Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire, but semi-precious stones such as spinel, lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl are also found. In October 1887, the Upper Burma Ruby Regulations were promulgated, creating the so-called "stone tracts." Discovery DMC is specialist in organizing customized tours to Mogok for individuals as well as for groups. The hotel is located 3 miles outside of Mogok on lush mountain slope. Buses leave from 6 in the evening, and reach the town at 6 the following morning. 2.00 "Classic" Mogok Unheated Burma Ruby; Photos/VIDEOS. If you cannot give me an estimate for that stone, how do you expect me to give you an estimate for the mine that produced it? All rooms have balconies and valley views. The British annexed Upper Burma to the colony of India that same year. Expect to be approached by traders carrying bags of assorted rocks, both real gems and not so genuine ones too. My mother and I visited Bernard village on our second day in Mogok. There are more travel options in Mandalay, including a comfortable mini-van drive and even private cars carrying just 4 passengers. No armed guards of high security anywhere. Trading with local gem merchants though is a charm to see, given the quality of the rocks that are traded and the price that some pay. As with most market places in Myanmar, Mani Mingalar is also the place to find wholesome local food, including many of the famous Shan dishes from the region. Eral Resources, 1886 ) introduced water cannons, washing plants, and actually moved the ’. Region, local mining went back to its former small-scale methods provided us a stunning view of the road up... For this gemstone 's popularity including a comfortable mini-van drive and mogok burma ruby private carrying! 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