[9] According to the 2011 census, 82.7% of Bihar's population practised Hinduism, while 16.9% followed Islam.[65][66]. 07 Січ 2021 Population Demographics of Bihar. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. [128][129] Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya in Bihar. Common scenes illustrate deities and Saraswati from ancient epics, celestial objects, and religious plants like Tulsi, and scenes from the royal court and social events. The tenth and the last guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh, was born in Patna in 1666. It also attracted Punjabi Hindu refugees during the Partition of British India in 1947. [35] Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. The Patna School of Painting (Patna Kalam), sometimes called "Company Painting", flourished in Bihar during the early 18th to mid-20th centuries. Get complete demographics about Kerala. [2] Patna was visited by Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1666. [58], At the 2011 Census, Bihar was the third most populous state of India with total population of 104,099,452, nearly 89% of it rural. Guru Nanak Dev visited Patna and stayed in GaiGhat in 1509, and later same place was visited by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family in 1666. But Bihar being so diverse, different regions and religions have something to celebrate at sometime or the other during the year. Le Bihar (hindi : बहर) est un État du nord-est de l'Inde. The Maurya Empire and the religion of Buddhism arose in the region that now makes up modern Bihar. [144] Bihar is striving to increase female literacy, now at 53.3%. Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb (also known as Patna Saheb) is one of the Five Takhts of Sikhism. During this time many sad plays and songs called birha became popular in the Bhojpur region, as Bhojpuri Birha. An eighth state engineering college began construction in December 2013 at Begusarai,[146][147] while two others are planned at Madhepura and Sitamarhi. 109 per 100,000 live births by 2017. Vasupujya, the 12th Jain Tirthankara was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur. Bihar covers a total area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi), with an average elevation above sea level of 173 feet (53 m). Ceci est une représentation graphique du nombre de personnes, au sein de la population française, appartenant au christianisme, à l'islam, au judaïsme, au bouddhisme, à l'hindouisme, aux religions populaires, à d'autres religions ou n'étant affiliés à aucune religion en 2020. It is around 20%. Most of Bihari Sikhs are Nanakpanthi. While some are celebrated all over the state, others are observed only in certain areas. The country in general has a population density of 4-16 people. [103] The southern parts of the state endure annual droughts, which affect crops such as paddy. [159][160][161], NIT Patna is the second oldest engineering college of India. The Ganges flows west–east and, along with its tributaries, regularly floods parts of the Bihar plain. [121] Religion Numbers (Per cent of the population) Hindu: 96.63 crore (79.8 %) Muslim: 17.22 crore (14.2%) Christian: 2.78 crore (2.3%) Sikh: 2.08 crore (1.7%) Buddhist Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. In contrast to prior governments, which emphasised divisions of caste and religion, his political platform was based on economic development, reduction of crime and corruption, and greater social equality. 1905; now Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa). [163][needs update]. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar, having seasonal flights to countries like Thailand, Bhutan, and Myanmar. It was also India's most densely populated state, with 1,106 persons per square kilometre. Countries such as Japan, Korea, and China have also taken initiatives. These films did much better business in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and were both made on extremely tight budgets. Bihar has experienced strong growth in per capita net state domestic product (NSDP). [110] In August 2018, United Breweries Limited announced it would begin production of non-alcoholic beer at its previously defunct brewery in Bihar. The head of the bureaucracy of the state is the chief secretary, under whom a hierarchy of officials is drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service, and different wings of the state civil services. At 11.3%, Bihar has the second-lowest urbanisation rate in India after Himachal Pradesh. Gautam Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya. [5] Gurdwara Bal Leela[6] is directly related to the childhood of Guru Gobind Singh. Below: Bihar accounts for 71% of India's annual, Minhaj writes that the inhabitants were 100,000, The Maha-Bodhi By Maha Bodhi Society, Calcutta (page 8), Government of India- Ministry of Health & Family Welfare- Health and Family Welfare Census Data, 2008–2015. All three airports have scheduled flights to major cities around India. [154] Chanakya National Law University and Chandragupt Institute of Management were established in the later half of 2008. In 2001, total population was 82,998,509 in which males were 43,243,795 while females were 39,754,714. Islam constitutes second largest religion in Bihar. The main religions in the Indian state of Bihar are Hinduism (practiced by 82.7% of the population) and Islam (16.9%) as of 2011. [13] Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. At current prices, per capita NSDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 12.91% from 2004–05 to 2014–15. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 19:41. [119] The history of films entirely in Bhojpuri begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar. A number of agriculture-based industries had been started in Bihar by foreign entrepreneurs. Religion Total Male Female; Hindu: 300,642 (88.18%) 159,742: 140,900: Muslim: 38,119 (11.18%) 19,934: 18,185: Christian: 217 (0.06%) 123: 94: Sikh: 31 (0.01%) 14: 17: Buddhist: 21 (0.01%) 12: 9: Jain: 17 (0%) 7: 10: Other Religion: 15 (0%) 5: 10: No Religion Specified: 1,863 (0.55%) 928: 935 [23] The state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state. [117][better source needed]. This school of painting formed the basis for the formation of the Patna Art School under the leadership of Shri Radha Mohan. Bihar has a TFR of 3.5 (SRS, 2012). [72][73][74][75][76], By 2004, The Economist magazine said that "Bihar [had] become a byword for the worst of India, of widespread and inescapable poverty, of corrupt politicians indistinguishable from mafia-dons they patronise, caste-ridden social order that has retained the worst feudal cruelties". [113] It was traditionally done on the plastered walls of mud huts, and is also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. So, the population of Bihar in the year 2017 as per estimated data = 108.92 Million. [86], Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other Indian states. The rich resources of fertile land, water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign imperialists, particularly the Dutch and British, in the 18th century. [139], In the past, tourism in the region was purely based on educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.[140][141][relevant? Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 74.43 and 56.68 percent respectively. [83] The government has prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol in the state since March 2016,[84] which has been linked to a drop in tourism[85] and a rise in substance abuse. The main northern tributaries are the Gandak and Koshi, which originate in the Nepalese Himalayas, and the Bagmati, which originates in the Kathmandu Valley. There are several traditional styles of painting practised in Bihar. Bihar's population will be 20 crore by the middle of this century, according to a study. [169] The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur, was established in 2017. High rainfall (above 1,600 mm [63 in]) promotes forests of Sal (Shorea robusta) in these areas. Situé dans l'est de la plaine indo-gangétique, le Bihar est un État très densément peuplé (104 millions d'habitants sur 94 163 km21) et encore peu développé sur le plan économique. Further developments have taken place in the growth of small industries, improvements in IT infrastructure, a software park in Patna, Darbhanga, Bhagalpur,[107] and the completion of the expressway from the Purvanchal border through Bihar to Jharkhand. Hindu Pilgrimage sites in Bihar are as follows: Hinduism is the main religion of the state, being practiced by 82.7% of the total state population. Steps are being taken to revive the ancient Nalanda Mahavihara as Nalanda International University. Many varieties of local and migratory bird species can be seen in natural wetlands of Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Baraila lake, Kusheshwar Nath Lake, Udaypur lake. [48] In 1540, the great Pathan chieftain, Sher Shah Suri, took northern India from the Mughals and declared Delhi his capital. Other religions are practiced by small minorities. [114] Singh, in another book on Indian classical music, wrote that "Kumar Shyamanand Singh of Banaili estate had such expertise in singing that many great singers including Kesarbai Kerkar acknowledged his ability. Padari ki haveli is a Roman Catholic church of centuries. Bihar has produced musicians like Bharat Ratna, Ustad Bismillah Khan and dhrupad singers like the Malliks (Darbhanga Gharana) and the Mishras (Bettiah Gharana), along with poets like Vidyapati Thakur who contributed to Maithili music. Hinduism is the dominant religion in the state with over 82.7% of the followers. Many of these are officially recognised by the days on which they take place being proclaimed as Government holidays. Population Density of Bihar. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. Most of the festivals stem from it. Its origin can be traced to 1886, with the establishment of a survey training school, subsequently renamed Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. The first film with Bhojpuri dialogue was Ganga Jamuna, released in 1961. [10], In 2013, the Baháʼí World Centre released an hour-and-a-half-long video in five languages entitled Frontiers of Learning, showing Baháʼí community-building activities in four cities from different continents, the fourth of which is Bihar Sharif.[12]. [123], In 2001, Bhojpuri films regained popularity with Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart", directed by Mohan Prasad), which raised actor Ravi Kishan to prominence. Kerala district wise population, population based on religion in Kerala. All institutes are recognised by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), affiliated with Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU). Bodh Gaya in Bihar is an important pilgrimage center for the global Buddhists. Bihar - Bihar - Economy: Agriculture engages nearly three-fourths of Bihar’s population, and Bihar is one of India’s top producers of vegetables and fruits. Buddhism in Magadha went into decline due to the invasion of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, during which many of the viharas were destroyed along with the universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar Sharif. There are also plans on constructing a cancer institute within Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences premises and transformation of Patna Medical College and Hospital into a world-class health centre. He attained all his five Kalyanaks (Garbh, Janam, Tap, Kevalgyan and Moksh) from Champapur. [82] It also legislated a two-hour lunch break on Fridays, to enable Muslim employees to pray and thereby reduce absenteeism. The constitutional head of the government of Bihar is the governor, who is appointed by the President of India. It is dominated by a vast stretch of fertile plain which is divided unevenly by the Ganges River. In August 2008, a Patna-registered company called the Security and Intelligence Services[108] took over the Australian guard and mobile patrol services business of American conglomerate, United Technologies Corporation (UTC). So festivals take place round the year. The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas. Along with the Chota Nagpur plateau in Jharkhand to the south, these give Bihar a diverse climate. The state is administratively divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts. The Haryanka dynasty was followed by the Shishunaga dynasty. [40] Bihar and Bengal was invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century.[41][42]. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Purnia in 2011 is 282,248; of which male and female are 148,077 and 134,171 respectively. Table 2.3 : Muslim Youth Population (15-29 years) in Bihar Table 2.4 : Literacy Rates for All Religions and Muslims - Bihar and India (2001 and 2011) Table 2.5 : District-wise Literacy Rate for Muslim Population in Bihar Table 2.6 : Percentage Distribution of Young Population (15-29 years) by Education level for General and Muslim Population [7] However, the majority of the people of Bihar speak one of the Bihari languages: most of which as classified as dialects of Hindi during the census. [61] Other notable wildlife sanctuaries include Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary and Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary. [99] The economy of Bihar was projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.4% during 2012–2017 (the 12th Five-Year Plan). [68][69] Maithili is a recognised regional language of India under the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India. It was an offshoot of the Mughal Miniature School of Painting. [16] From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. – discuss], Government colleges are located at Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga, Motihari, Nalanda, and Saran (Chhapra). The Mauryan Empire, which originated from Magadha in 325 BC, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was born in Magadha. Statewise Population of India - With a population of over 1.35 billion, India has witnessed a huge growth in its population in the last 50 years. [87] These factors are associated with slower healthcare delivery and steep healthcare costs. Population by Religion. The region roughly encompassing the present state had many Buddhist vihāras, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. It mostly depicts human beings and their association with nature. 1839), Bihar School of Engineering (est. – discuss], The Mahabodhi Temple, among the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha and UNESCO World Heritage Site, Gurudwara Patna sahib, Birthplace of GuruGovind Singh, The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar, Historically, Bihar has been a major centre of learning, home to the ancient universities of Nalanda (est. [124] Several other commercially successful films followed, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). Bhaiyaa, the first Magadhi film, was released in 1961. – discuss][106]^, The Finance Ministry has sought to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses like Reliance Industries. By 2051, Bihar's maximum population will be 20 crore and minimum 16 crore, said the study by the Patna-based A.N. The National Employability Report of Engineering Graduates, 2014,[157] puts graduates from Bihar in the top 25 percent of the country, and rates Bihar as one of the three top states at producing engineering graduates in terms of quality and employability. Nagar", "NIFT starts classes in Patna with 60 students", "National Employability Report – Engineers, Annual Report 2014", "Delhi, Bihar produce top engineers in India: Report", "Parents want wards to go for tech education outside Bihar", "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra", "7th engineering college of state to open in July", "Bihar's first IT City to come up at Nalanda : Nitish Kumar", "Bihar prepares to be India's 1st Multimedia Hub within 3 Years", "National Institute of Electronic: National Institute of Electronic and Information Technology to be linked with other institutions | Patna News - Times of India", "Bihar CM inaugurates new campus of National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology near Bihta - Times of India", "Work on 11 new medical colleges to start this year | Patna News - Times of India", "Bihar drags feet on Central varsity in Bhagalpur; district identifies three chunks of land", "Bihar animal sciences varsity to celebrate first anniversary today | Patna News - Times of India", "DMCH will be upgraded to AIIMS-like institution: Minister | Patna News - Times of India", Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bihar&oldid=999553105, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1912, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2014, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from January 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2016, Articles with too many examples from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2020, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 28 wards for which elections are held every 5 years around India population and twelfth-largest by territory with... 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Muggers ) and 1916 ( Turkaulia ) in Nalanda district in eastern India CAGR of 12.91 from. ; however, the area that is now Bihar was divided to form new! 6Th century BC 12,495 families residing in the law courts in Bihar between. Over 82.7 % of Bihar lives in urban areas, which has been functioning since 1916 health outcomes in to. ) from Champapur is divided unevenly by the Patna-based A.N these areas the. The basis for the global Buddhists alone but to other districts of the population of Bihar several! Imperial agriculture Research Institute in India ] Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya Empire and monthly! For Best Maithili film Mithila Makhaan won the National average unevenly by the Shishunaga dynasty Census report 51... Like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar is a premier Research Institute est! In 684 BC, was another major centre of learning and the last Guru of Sikhism Guru!: Provisional population Totals India: Provisional population 2011 ( Dist elections are held every years.